# Plasmonics

# Coupled Dipole Approximation in Python

Coupled dipole approximation (CDA) method is a numerical method to calculate the optical properties (scattering and absorption) of interacting dipoles. This method is used in discrete dipole approximation method (like in DDSCAT software), where a big particle (also known as target) is broken into lot of interacting dipoles arranged in cubic lattice. CDA can also Read More …

# Fitting Complex Metal Dielectric Functions with Differential Evolution Method

The real and imaginary part of dielectric permittivity of the metals is important to simulate the optical properties of metal films and nanoparticles. Permittivity data is obtained experimentally by ellipsometry and is fitted with analytical models. The most common model for fitting experimental data is with Drude-Lorentz model shown below. $$\epsilon(\omega)=1-\frac{f_1\omega_p^2}{(\omega^2+i\Gamma_1\omega)}+\sum_{j=2}^{n}\frac{f_j\omega_p^2}{(\omega_{o,j}^2-\omega^2-i\Gamma_j\omega)}$$ The first term is Read More …

# Plasmonic Materials in MEEP > 1.2

Here is how I was implementing plasmonic materials in meep1.1 scheme code. Unlike Meep 1. 1, Meep >= 1. 2 changed the way materials are defined. Here I will describe how to change the material definition code from meep1.1 to meep 1.2 . Please note that one can still use the material definition written from Read More …

# Installing Meep 1.2 on ubuntu

Pre-compiled Meep binaries for meep1.1 exist for Ubuntu distribution. This makes it very easy to install meep on ubuntu using “apt-get install” command or from the ubuntu software center. However recently, Meep developers have release meep1.2 which has more functions compared to meep1.1. I have recently installed meep1.2 from source on ubuntu 12.04 using the Read More …

# Electric field at localized plasmon resonance using MEEP

This article is about simulating localized plasmon resonances in metal nanospheres using MEEP package. Generally, I am interested in solving three problems in LSPR systems: Calculate the extinction, scattering, absorption spectra of metal nanoparticle The procedure for doing this is very similar to the method I mentioned here. Calculating the electric field enhancement spatially as Read More …

# Surface plasmon dispersion relation for thin metal films

A thin metal film in dielectric (also known as dielectric-metal-dielectric configuration) can support surface plasmons that are different in nature to the ones observed in thick metal-dielectric interfaces. Unlike, a single mode that is observed in thick metal film, thin metal films exhibit two types of modes for the same wavevector due to excitation and Read More …

# Plasmonic materials in MEEP

The aim of this post is to share my experience in incorporating dielectric function of metals such as gold and silver into MEEP (a free finite difference time domain package) code. The incorporation is not an easy task and can be daunting for the first time user. Metals such as gold and silver have Read More …

# WINSPALL software for surface plasmon resonance experiments

One needs to fit the reflectivity curves obtained in surface plasmon resonance experiments with theoretical models. A free software (for non commercial use) called Winspall exactly does that. According to the developers, WINSPALL is a PC based software which computes the reflectivity of optical multilayer systems. It is based on the Fresnel equations and the Read More …

# Dynamic Exciton-Plasmon Coupling

Our paper titled “Dynamically Tuning Plasmon-Exciton Coupling in Arrays of Nanodisk-J-aggregate Complexes” has been accepted as front cover image of Advanced Materials . In this work, we demonstrated the dynamic tuning of plasmon-exciton resonant coupling in arrays of nanodisk–J-aggregate complexes. The angle-resolved spectra of an array of bare Au nanodisks exhibited continuous shifting of localized Read More …

# Radiation from an oscillating dipole

The electric field from an oscillating dipole is given by:, where is the position vector, is the frequency of dipole oscillation, is the dipole moment. The two terms in the electric field consists of 1) near field (area near to the dipole) and 2) far field (area far from the dipole) contributions. Far field falls Read More …