# Generating plasmonic metal dielectric functions in Python

Posted on Thu 10 September 2015 in Plasmonics

I keep needing a python code to generate the dielectric functions of plasmonic materials such as Au, Ag, Pd, and Pt. So I wrote a python version of LD.m.

LD.m is a matlab file written by Bora Ung that produces dielectric functions of metals either for Lortenz and Loretnz drude models.

The dielectric functions are given as follows:

$\epsilon(\omega)=1-\frac{f_1\omega_p'^2}{(\omega^2+i\Gamma_1'\omega)}+\sum_{j=2}^{n}\frac{f_j\omega_p'^2}{(\omega_{o,j}'^2-\omega^2-i\Gamma_j'\omega)}$.

The first part of the function is the Drude part and the second part is the Lorentz part. The parameters for these models are taken from Rakic et al., Optical properties of metallic films for vertical-cavity optoelectronic devices, Applied Optics (1998).

Note: You can find my module (LD.py) and its documentation at my github account.

A typical example on how to use this modules is shown below:

import numpy as np

# Make sure the file is accessible to PYTHONPATH or in the same
# directory of file which is trying to import
from LD import LD

# Creates a wavelength vector from 300 nm to 1000 nm of length
# 100
lamda = np.linspace(300E-9, 1000E-9, 100)

# Creates gold object with dielectric function of LD model
gold = LD(lamda, material='Au', model='LD')

# prints the real part of the epislion
print gold.epsilon_real

# prints the imag part of the epsilon
print gold.epsilon_imag

# prints the real part of the refractive index
print gold.n

# prints the imag part of the refactive index
print gold.k

# plots wavelength vs real epilon and imag epsilon
gold.plot_epsilon()

# plots wavelength vs n and k .
gold.plot_n_k()


This is graph comparing the Au eps data obtained using LD.m and LD.python. The are exactly the same. 